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Mespilus germanica - Common Medlar

  • Mespilus germanica is a small fruit tree or large fruit shrub that is native to Southwest Asia and Southeast Europe. When planted in its ideal conditions, it can grow to heights of 6m in the UK and when mature, the tree can develop a broad crown which looks similar to that of an umbrella. The large shrub consists of long, dark green, leathery leaves which are slightly hairy underneath. During May – June, flowers made up of five broadly ovate white petals appear, reaching up to 6cm in width. In the late Autumn, the dark green leaves turn to a burnt orange-brown and are followed by reddish-brown fruit. The fruit is one of very few that becomes edible during the winter. The Common Medlar is a similar shape to an apple and when bletted, its flavour and consistency are very similar to apple sauce. It can be made into jellies, Medlar cheeses or preserves.

  • The intended main use of this plant is to grow food for human consumption. We always recommend further research to learn the different ways in which the food source can be prepared and consumed.

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